Whom Will Be Saved?
History is a great teacher. 18th Century Irish statesman, Edmund Burke, said, “Those who don't know history are doomed to repeat it.” History is instructive. King Solomon reminds us of this truth in the first chapter of Ecclesiastes,
What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun. Is there a thing of which it is said, “See, this is new”? It has been already in the ages before us. (Ecc. 1:9-10)
There is nothing new under the sun so looking back into history can help us understand our present reality. The problem with learning from history is not history itself, but the pride that befalls in the present. Our challenge is that we must be willing to listen to the voices of the past. And those unwilling to listen are those filled with pride and arrogance. Proverbs 16:18, “Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.” We must humble ourselves to listen to the voices of the past for if we don’t, we will fall.
Yet there is another important aspect of learning from history, there must be those with wisdom who help us understand the past and apply it to the present. I am a firm believer that if the younger generation was willing to listen and the older generation was willing to share, there would be much more wisdom displayed in our present age. The older need the younger and the younger need the older. In 2008, America went into a mini-depression. It may not have felt like something small to those who lost their jobs and homes, but compared to the Great Depression of 1929 our last recession was indeed small. Modern-day Americans have no idea the sacrifices made by parents for their children. I was sitting with one of our members recently and she told me how her mother would often go to bed without eating supper because she would give her portion to her children. By 1933 almost 20% of the population was unemployed and half of the country’s banks closed. Food was in short supply and people often went to bed hungry. The 3 to 4 years during the height of the Great Depression were some of the most difficult years that our country has ever faced. It was a national problem leaving no one unscathed.
The book of Joel starts with Israel facing its own “Great Depression.” The exact date of the book of Joel is hard to date because it is without any biographical information. All we have is the first verse, “The word of the Lord that came to Joel, the son of Pethuel.” We do not know when this great distress happened, but we know that God spoke through His prophets during it. Many scholars believe that Joel left out historical details so that the book would be relevant for all generations. One pastor noted that Joel is divided in two parts, “the first half of the book (Chapters 1-2) describes how God fought against his own people to make them honor him alone. And the second half of the book describes how he will fight against the nations who refuse to honor him alone.” The Lord used the events of Joel’s day as a foreshadowing of a greater day that was to come.
The Shadow of the Future
The prophecy starts with a plea to share the events of the day with the future generation so that they would be instructed about a future day. Verses 2-3,
Hear this, you elders; give ear, all inhabitants of the land! Has such a thing happened in your days, or in the days of your fathers? Tell your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children to another generation.
Things were so bad that no one could remember a worse time. The Lord felt that it was important for the older generation to pass this on to the younger generation. What was so bad? A swarm of locusts came in to destroy the land. Listen how bad things had gotten in the land. Verse 4-12,
What the cutting locust left, the swarming locust has eaten. What the swarming locust left, the hopping locust has eaten, and what the hopping locust left, the destroying locust has eaten. Awake, you drunkards, and weep, and wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the sweet wine, for it is cut off from your mouth. For a nation has come up against my land, powerful and beyond number; its teeth are lions' teeth, and it has the fangs of a lioness. It has laid waste my vine and splintered my fig tree; it has stripped off their bark and thrown it down; their branches are made white. Lament like a virgin wearing sackcloth for the bridegroom of her youth. The grain offering and the drink offering are cut off from the house of the LORD. The priests mourn, the ministers of the LORD. The fields are destroyed, the ground mourns, because the grain is destroyed, the wine dries up, the oil languishes. Be ashamed, O tillers of the soil; wail, O vinedressers, for the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field has perished. The vine dries up; the fig tree languishes. Pomegranate, palm, and apple, all the trees of the field are dried up, and gladness dries up from the children of man.
This was a national tragedy where every man, woman and child were affected. If you did not live through the Great Depression, it is hard to understand this level of tragedy. There have been national things that have happened in our country where everyone stopped and took notice like Pearl Harbor or September 11th, but nothing as long and as devastating as the Great Depression.
We have it so good now that we have lost the knowledge of how hard things were in the past. It is imperative that we never forget how hard things were in the past. We need to place ourselves in the shoes of those who came before u and in the shoes of our brothers and sisters who are currently suffering in the Middle East and Latin America. Empathy paves the way to understanding.
The Lord speaks to Joel and reminds them that this horrible day that they are experiencing is nothing compared to the future day when the Lord will execute His justice on the earth. The Day of the Lord is the theme that weaves together the entire book of Joel. The Day of the Lord will be far worse than the destruction of the locusts. As the locusts have come to destroy the land so will the army of the Lord come and destroy all that is in their path. The army will be so vast that it will look like a swarm of locusts.
The current tragedy serves as a reminder of a greater tragedy for everyone who does not call upon the name of the Lord. As the Day of the Lord approaches, people must repent. Joel 1:13-15,
Put on sackcloth and lament, O priests; wail, O ministers of the altar. Go in, pass the night in sackcloth, O ministers of my God! Because grain offering and drink offering are withheld from the house of your God. Consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly. Gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land to the house of the LORD your God, and cry out to the LORD. Alas for the day! For the day of the LORD is near, and as destruction from the Almighty it comes.
All of history is moving toward that Day when the Lord will come and destroy the earth. The day of the Lord is near and destruction from the Almighty is coming. Joel 2:1-11,
Blow a trumpet in Zion; sound an alarm on my holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near, 2 a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness! Like blackness there is spread upon the mountains a great and powerful people; their like has never been before, nor will be again after them through the years of all generations. 3 Fire devours before them, and behind them a flame burns. The land is like the garden of Eden before them, but behind them a desolate wilderness, and nothing escapes them. 4 Their appearance is like the appearance of horses, and like war horses they run. 5 As with the rumbling of chariots, they leap on the tops of the mountains, like the crackling of a flame of fire devouring the stubble, like a powerful army drawn up for battle. 6 Before them peoples are in anguish; all faces grow pale. 7 Like warriors they charge; like soldiers they scale the wall. They march each on his way; they do not swerve from their paths. 8 They do not jostle one another; each marches in his path; they burst through the weapons and are not halted. 9 They leap upon the city, they run upon the walls, they climb up into the houses, they enter through the windows like a thief. 10 The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. 11 The Lord utters his voice before his army, for his camp is exceedingly great; he who executes his word is powerful. For the day of the Lord is great and very awesome; who can endure it? 
There is the eternal question placed in the mouth of Joel by the Lord. “Who can endure the great and very awesome Day of the Lord?” “Who will be saved?”
The goal of the West is comfort. We want to make things efficient and quick. We have air conditioning and the world placed at our disposable on the smart phones in our pocket. We are so privileged and our great privilege blinds us from the future reality of suffering. It is hard for us to believe in suffering, because we have never truly experienced it. Our western worldview bleeds into our theology as we are made to think of God only as gracious and compassionate without any vengeance towards sin. Do you ever think about Hell? Judgment? Wrath? Agony? Joel provides an accurate picture of God. He is gracious and compassionate, but He is also powerful, ferocious and full of wrath towards sin. And when God comes in his wrath, who will be able to endure it? Will you be able to stand on the day of the Lord? As much as we want, we cannot erase the reality of God’s judgment. God sent Judah a national comprehensive tragedy to foreshadow the awful, terrible Day of the Lord. The God’s wrath is coming, but God also provides a refuge from the storm of judgment.
The Savior of the Future
I love the grace of the Lord. He lays out the dreadful day that is approaching and he asks, “Who can endure it?” and then he answers the question. Verse 2:12-17,
Yet even now,” declares the LORD, “return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments.” Return to the LORD your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster. Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering for the LORD your God? Blow the trumpet in Zion; consecrate a fast; call a solemn assembly; gather the people. Consecrate the congregation; assemble the elders; gather the children, even nursing infants. Let the bridegroom leave his room, and the bride her chamber. Between the vestibule and the altar let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep and say, “Spare your people, O LORD, and make not your heritage a reproach, a byword among the nations. Why should they say among the peoples, ‘Where is their God?’
The Lord promises forgiveness and mercy for those who turn to Him in repentance. Even after all our sinful neglect and willful disobedience God calls out to us, “Return to the Lord your God.” Why should we return? We return based on HIS character. “He is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster.” Our trust is never in ourselves, but always in the character of our God. Our hope is not in our works done in righteousness, but God’s mercy. God will act for his people.
There is desolation in Israel, but God will restore and bless His people. Hear how God will replenish and water the dried-up land. Joel 2:18,
18 Then the Lord became jealous for his land and had pity on his people. 19 The Lord answered and said to his people, “Behold, I am sending to you grain, wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations. 20 “I will remove the northerner far from you, and drive him into a parched and desolate land, his vanguard into the eastern sea, and his rear guard into the western sea; the stench and foul smell of him will rise, for he has done great things. 21 “Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice, for the Lord has done great things! 22 Fear not, you beasts of the field, for the pastures of the wilderness are green; the tree bears its fruit; the fig tree and vine give their full yield. 23 “Be glad, O children of Zion, and rejoice in the Lord your God, for he has given the early rain for your vindication; he has poured down for you abundant rain, the early and the latter rain, as before. 24 “The threshing floors shall be full of grain; the vats shall overflow with wine and oil. 25 I will restore to you the years that the swarming locust has eaten, the hopper, the destroyer, and the cutter, my great army, which I sent among you.
The Lord will turn to bless the people and provides his purpose in his blessing in Joel 2:26-27,
You shall eat in plenty and be satisfied, and praise the name of the Lord you God who has dealt wondrously with you. And my people shall never again be put to shame. You shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the Lord your God and there is none else. And my people shall never again be put to shame.
The ultimate blessing of the Lord is a replenished land, but His presence. He blesses His people so that they will know that HE is in their midst. Hear the personal language used, “I am the Lord your God and there is none else. And my people shall never again be put to shame.” The Lord is taking personal responsibility for His people. The Lord promised His presence and He fulfilled that promise by sending His Son, Jesus Christ, as one of His people, Immanuel, God with us.
Jesus Christ mediated God’s presence to us in his life and sent his Spirit to us after this resurrection from the dead. Jesus Christ took God’s wrath on the cross despising its shame, was raised from the dead and was seated at the right hand of the throne of God. Who can endure the day of the Lord? Jesus Christ is the only man who can stand on the day of the Lord because of his sinless perfection. Therefore, we can only endure that day if we stand with Jesus or more accurately if Jesus stands for us. And we can know that Jesus stands for us because God has given his presence through his Spirit guaranteeing our inheritance. Romans 5:5 states that Christ followers have a hope that, “does not put us to shame, because God's love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.” The Holy Spirit confirms God’s presence in our lives and this is the promise in the book of Joel 2:28-32,
And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit. And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness and the mood to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the LORD has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the LORD calls.
This was quoted during Peter’s sermon after Pentecost confirming this prophecy that God will dwell with His people. The Lord promised us His presence and it was confirmed with the giving of the Holy Spirit. And because Jesus Christ came, lived, died, and rose again; the Spirit was given to us. We can receive His presence, when we call on Him in repentance.
The eternal question, “Who can endure the great and awesome Day of the Lord? Who will be saved?” The one who calls upon the name of the Lord; all whom the Lord calls to Himself. Notice that the promise of salvation is not just to the nation of Israel, but to everyone who calls on the name of the Lord. And those who will be saved on the last day and those who shall escape will be those whom the Lord calls. God calls us and we in turn call upon His name.
What does it mean to call upon the name of the Lord? First, we must believe what God says about us. We are sinners and children of wrath. We deserve to be punished for our sin. We will never turn to God unless we understand the fear of the Lord. Many of us continue in sin, because we do not truly fear God. Joel provides help in fearing God by providing a picture of God’s awful power. Second, we must believe what God says about Himself. He is compassionate and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. God desires to forgive sinners for he sent his Son, the righteous for the unrighteous to bring us to God. Three, we obey God’s Word. We agree with God about sin and His Character and strive to live up the calling we have in Christ. We covenant with a local church submitting to its leaders, using our gifts to serve the body, practicing the “one anothers” commanded by God, and fight the desires of the flesh. We do not pay God lip service but give our life in service for Him.
The Sovereign of the Future
The only hope for anyone to stand before the Lord will be to have Jesus Christ standing in front of them as their mediator. There is one mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus who gave himself as a ransom which is the testimony given at the proper time. The Lord will judge all nations for how they treated his people. As Chapter 3 begins, Joel pronounces judgment on the Judah’s neighbors, Tyre and Sidon, for their wicked treatment Judah. The nations were judged in the same way they treated Judah. In 343 B.C. Artaxerxes overtook and enslaved Sidon while Alexander the Great conquered Tyre selling 13,000 into slavery. The Lord calls the nations to a battle, but the coming war is already decided. Joel 3:9-16,
Proclaim this among the nations: Consecrate for war; stir up the mighty men. Let all the men of war draw near; let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears; let the weak say, “I am a warrior.” Hasten and come, all you surrounding nations, and gather yourselves there. Bring down your warriors, O LORD. Let the nations stir themselves up and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations. Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Go in, tread, for the winepress is full. The vats overflow, for their evil is great. 14 Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. 15 The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. 16 The Lord roars from Zion, and utters his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens and the earth quake. But the Lord is a refuge to his people, a stronghold to the people of Israel. 
There is only one who is in control of the end. The Father told the Son to sit at His right hand until He puts all His enemies under His feet.
The war is already won. It is only a matter of time until the final battle. On that day Israel will be restored.
So you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who dwells in Zion, my holy mountain. And Jerusalem shall be holy, and strangers shall never again pass through it. 18 “And in that day the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the streambeds of Judah shall flow with water; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord and water the Valley of Shittim. 19 “Egypt shall become a desolation and Edom a desolate wilderness, for the violence done to the people of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land. 20 But Judah shall be inhabited forever, and Jerusalem to all generations. 21 I will avenge their blood, blood I have not avenged, for the Lord dwells in Zion.
Jesus is victorious and one day His victory will be consummated. Who will endure the day of the Lord? Only those who call upon the name of the Lord. Romans 10:9-13,
If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved. For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” (Romans 10:9-13)
The Day is coming…will you be saved? God intended to have two thieves on either side of Christ at Calvary, so that “One was saved, that none might despair; but only one, that none might presume.” Do not despair for all who call on the name of the Lord will be saved. Do not presume for only those who call on the name of the Lord will be saved. Call upon the name of the Lord and be saved.
 Title taken from the Mark Dever’s Promises Made: The Message of the Old Testament Eternal Questions Series.
 The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Joe 2:1–12). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.
 The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Joe 2:18–25). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.
 Dever, Mark. Promised Made: The Message of the Old Testament. p. 700.
 The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Joe 3:13–16). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.
 The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Joe 3:17–21). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.
 Dever, Mark. 717.